Fairtrade farmers in Central America whose coffee and cocoa crops were damaged by Hurricane Eta earlier this month are at risk of suffering further heavy losses as hurricane season continues.
A week ago the most recent storm, Hurricane Iota, made landfall in Nicaragua, forcing tens of thousands of people to evacuate their homes. Further storms now threaten to bring more devastation for communities still battling with the aftermath of Hurricane Eta, which hit at the start of November.
Hurricane Eta triggered flash flooding and mudslides that killed scores of people and caused widespread damage to homes and land, affecting up to 2.5 million people across Central America, according to UN estimates. As a result of the Category 4 storm, Fairtrade farmers in the region reported losses in crops such as coffee and cocoa, and saw their infrastructure and buildings damaged.
Fairtrade is concerned that the damage caused by any future storms will exacerbate the situation for farmers and their families. CLAC, Fairtrade’s network of small producers and workers in Latin America and the Caribbean, is assessing the impact of the recent hurricanes and has described the situation as ‘critical’.
Xiomara J. Paredes, CLAC´s Executive Director, said: ‘Hurricanes Iota and Eta have caused serious damage in infrastructure and in the agricultural sector in Central America, the south of Mexico and Colombia. At CLAC we are currently assessing the damage. We know that several Fairtrade Producer Organizations had damage in their crops and will need support. We thank the Fairtrade system and its allies for being willing to help our producers in this tough time.
‘The intense rains and floods have affected all the countries in the region. Yet, Honduras, Guatemala and Nicaragua have been the most affected ones… The situation is critical in these countries.’
In Honduras, Guatemala, Nicaragua, El Salvador and Costa Rica, Fairtrade farmers and producers reported losses of coffee or cocoa crops damaged by intense rainfall, flash floods and uprooted trees caused by Hurricane Eta. Basic food supplies were also damaged.
In Nicaragua, CLAC estimates that 30% of crops grown by coffee producer organisations may have been affected by storm Eta; cocoa crops in the country were also severely hit. In El Salvador, the continuous rain has threatened between 15% and 20% of the coffee production for the 2019-2020 harvest.
Fairtrade Foundation is working with CLAC to assess the effects of Hurricanes Iota and Eta on coffee farmers and supply chains. In the days ahead, CLAC will be running an evaluation with small-scale producer organisations in Central America, to get a more accurate picture of the damage caused by the storms.
With hurricane season not yet over, Fairtrade Foundation has stressed the importance of buying Fairtrade to enable farmers to have a stable source of income at a time when many are already struggling with the economic impacts of the Covid-19 pandemic, and grappling with the impacts of the climate crisis.
Climate change is increasing the unpredictability, frequency and intensity of storms. This year’s Atlantic hurricane season has been the most intense on record, with a record-breaking number of storms. Communities dependent on agriculture are disproportionately vulnerable to the consequences of the climate crisis: smallholder farmers are facing increasing struggles caused by droughts, floods and unpredictable, changing weather, as well as the emergence of new pests.
Choosing Fairtrade is an important way to support farmers and producers in the fight for climate justice: environmental protection is deeply ingrained in Fairtrade, and all products bearing the FAIRTRADE Mark comply with a robust and demanding set of environmental standards. These standards promote sustainable development through best practice, guiding producers to adapt to climate change and mitigate their impact. Meanwhile many Fairtrade co-operatives choose to invest their Fairtrade Premium in reforestation projects.
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